ACROSYNDROMES


DEFINITION

These are disorders of the cutaneous vasomotricity at the extremities of the limbs present in 5 to 20% of the population especially in the woman and in the cold regions.

Most are more impressive than severe but can be very troublesome in everyday life, only some require a specific etiological investigation.

They may be permanent or paroxysmal (in flares), due to vasodilatation or vasoconstriction.

Types :

Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis

It is an excessive sweating especially of the hands and feet, an aggravating factor of all acrosyndromes and an important social discomfort.

Raynaud phenomenon

The "Raynaud" phenomenon

It is an ischemia of the fingers and toes, a restriction in blood supply, sometimes triggered by cold and completely reversible in minutes with 3 phases : pallor, cyanosis and hyperemia redness.

Its appearance after 40 years, its importance and asymmetry justify an etiological examination.

For this disease which affects a large number of people modalities totally new and original treatment are currently under study: to follow…

Erythromelalgia

Erythromelalgia

It is a vasodilatation attack triggered by exposure to heat, especially in the legs due to local heat with redness and painful burning sensations. A rare acrosyndromes which requires an etiological examination.

Paroxysmal finger hematoma

The paroxysmal finger hematoma

It is characterized by a painful "wasp" type sting burn followed by swelling and deep bruises.

Acrorighose

The acrorighose

It is the sensation of permanent and symmetrical of cold in hands and feet.

Hyperhidrose

Acrocyanos

It is the association of a acrorighose (cold in feet and hands) with a cyanosis (bluish appearances) of the extremities and often a palmo-plantar hyperhidrosis.

Liveloid vasculitis

Liveloid vasculitis

It is a vascular disorder mostly affecting women. A lace-like purplish discoloration of the lower extremities. The discoloration is caused by swelling of the small veins (venules) in the skin, which makes them more visible

Frequent, benign and often associated with acrocyanos.

Irregular forms, evolving by growth and often very painful require an etiological examination.

Frostbites

Frostbites

They occur after exposure to humid cold conditions and can last several weeks.

Hyperhidrose

TREATMENTS

Acupuncture

ACUPUNCTURE

Traditional Chinese medicine by acupuncture or digiponcture finds here very interesting applications in about 80% of the cases by acting on the regulation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.

Very few sessions can suffice, they are easily reproducible.

BOTULIC TOXINS

Botox toxin or Botox is a very effective treatment against underarm hyperhydroses in particular, it is simple and safe but needs to be renewed regularly.

TECHNICAL TEXTILES

These products, gloves, socks… are "loaded" into the fiber which constitute active products which are delivered progressively during the day depending on the pathologies under consideration, which increase the efficiency of the conventional protection against moisture and Cold for the Raynaud syndrome for example.